Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
There are a variety of imaging evaluations available through the use of women’s health ultrasound. OB ultrasound machines assist with the assessment of prenatal fetuses. Vaginal ultrasound machines are used for the assessment of a woman’s pelvic region. Learn more about the applications of both below.
An obstetrics ultrasound machine is used for prenatal applications. This equipment converts sound waves into real-time images of a developing fetus. The ability to assess a fetus’s development is critical for a number of reasons, including:
- Estimating pregnancy due date
- First-trimester screening
- 3D or 4D fetal imaging
- Fetal assessment
- Early fetal anatomic surveillance
- Monitoring fetal growth
- Biophysical profile testing
- ...and more!
During pregnancy, obstetric ultrasonography helps specialists gain more information earlier in the term. With an obstetrics ultrasound machine, professionals can monitor the entire pregnancy in a non-invasive way that won’t harm the unborn child.
Monitoring growth with a fetal ultrasound machine provides an assessment of fetal size. This helps professionals make a more accurate diagnosis of fetal growth restriction. Using ultrasound for obstetric purposes includes reviewing 70 or more images of an unborn baby. Screening for birth defects and monitoring health are both huge advantages of obstetric ultrasonography.
In addition, identifying fetal anomalies early is critical. Constant monitoring with a fetal ultrasound machine allows specialists to confidently detect anomalies faster and start treatment if needed.
Even further, fetal Doppler ultrasound can be used to analyze movement. This is essential to screening for impaired placentation and its corresponding complications. Fetal ultrasound machines help specialists diagnose these conditions properly and quickly.
Portable obstetric ultrasound machines are available for response to house calls away from the facility. This equipment is easily transportable and often more financially accessible than larger console options. A portable fetal ultrasound machine is ideal for healthcare professionals who provide services in multiple locations.
Although most people think of a fetal ultrasound at the mention of a women’s health ultrasound, there are many more applications in this spectrum that don’t involve pregnancy.
Ultrasound isn’t only useful for prenatal observation. Gynecology sonography uses ultrasound technology to assess female pelvic organs, including the bladder, adnexa, and the recto-uterine pouch.
Gynecologists use OB-GYN ultrasound machines for a variety of applications, including:
- Complete pelvic ultrasound
- Assessment of pelvic pain or masses
- Detection of ectopic pregnancy
- Evaluation of infertility
- Diagnosis of congenital uterine anomalies
- Pelvic floor imaging
- Identifying acute appendicitis
Either transabdominal ultrasonography or transvaginal ultrasonography can be used to perform these assessments. The first is done with a full bladder acting as an acoustic window, while the second is done with a specifically designed vaginal transducer.
A vaginal ultrasound machine utilizes higher-frequency imaging. This provides a better image resolution of the ovaries, endometrium, and uterus. However, vaginal ultrasound machines are limited in their depth, unable to see larger lesions reaching into the abdomen.
An OB ultrasound machine assists healthcare professionals in making earlier diagnoses with increased accuracy. Use gynecology sonography to examine organs in the pelvis and make a diagnosis without causing patients pain or discomfort.